• Hospital admission not required (out-patient)
  • Usually performed in hospital (admission required)
  • Non invasive
  • Non Invasive
  • Indirect application of magnetic pulse
  • Direct application of low amplitude electrical current
  • Awake & alert throughout
  • General anaesthesia required (carries a rare mortality risk)
  • No recovery time needed after treatment (the patient can drive and return to work immediately)
  • Period of recovery time and nursing observation required after treatment
  • Side effects – mild and uncommon. Seizure occurrence is rare, with no impact on memory function
  • Seizure induced (integral to mechanism of action) & can cause long-term damage to memory
  • Research suggests potentially as effective as ECT
  • Historical gold standard treatment of depression